Bangladesh became independent in 1971 and is a member of the United Nations (UN), the South Asian Association for Regional Co-operation (SAARC), the Commonwealth, the World Trade Organization (WTO) and Organization for Islamic Countries (OIC).
Total land area of approximately 147,570 square km and bordered by the Bay of Bengal to the south, India to the north, east and west and Myanmar to the south-east Bangladesh has 580 km of shoreline and borders 4,246 km with India and 4,053 km with Myanmar.
Geographically, the country straddles the fertile Ganges-Brahmaputra Delta. Natural suitable geographical setting and regular annual monsoon make Bangladesh most conducive for agriculture.
Tropical climate with mild cool and dry winter from November to February, hot & humid summer from March to June and humid, warm monsoon from July to October.
The population is approximately 156.6 million (World Bank data, 2013), with an estimated average growth rate of 1.3% p.a. for last consecutive 5 years.
Adult literacy rate is 65%. Bangladesh has successfully established itself as a moderate country having equitable treatment for all ethnicity with commendable women empowerment.